security option in the
[Global] section of Samba configuration
defines what type of authentication is required for users to access
shares. There are five possible values for this option: Share, User,
Server, Domain and ADS.
Of the five possible values, the last three (Server, Domain and ADS) delegate authentication to another server on the network, and thus require additional configuration.
security = Server
This option makes the Samba server ask another server to authenticate the user before granting access to the requested share.
security = Domain
This option makes the Samba server a full member of a Domain, and asks
a Domain Controller to authenticate the user before granting access to
the requested share. A couple more options are required for Domain
security to work:
workgroup (to define the domain),
(to define the Domain Controller) and
encrypt passwords to be set to
It is also required that the Samba server is joined in a Domain, which can be done by any user with Domain Administration privileges (in the following example, the user obiwan):
net join member -U obiwan
security = ADS
This option works similar to the
Domain option, and requires the same
additional options to be set, but uses an Active Directory server for
authentication, and utilizes newer AD protocols.